The Ngomeni fish farm was established in early 1980s to carry out trials for development of mariculture. The Ngomeni shrimp farming trials were carried out by Fisheries Department and FAO, Fisheries Department, Rome between 1984 and 1986. The project achieved very good results with the production of Penaeus indicus with potential of expanding to culture of P. monodon (FAO 1985). However, in order to play a role in research, development and demonstration, the farm management needed to be seriously modernized (FAO 1985). Further to this, a demonstration of the economics needed to be done taking into account the specificity of the Kenyan condition (FAO 1985). The Ngomeni aquafarm was found to be a correct tool that needed to be improved to permit easier management, ensure proper farming procedures in order to give reliable repetitive experiments (FAO 1985).
Map showing the layout of Ngomeni shrimp farm with location of administration offices.
Mandates of the centre
The National Mariculture Research Development and Training Centre, Ngomeni is mandated to among other things;
- Serve as genebank for marine and brackish water aquatic species
- Carry out research on genetic improvement of mariculture species including shellfish, finfish, and artemia and house breeding nuclei for marine finfish, shellfish and artemia
- Development of environmental management strategies for production systems
- Biosecurity and surveillance and control of pests, diseases and predators
- Training and capacity building in mariculture
- Advice on policy issues about mariculture in Kenya
Ngomeni farm consists of offices and an outside shed used formerly used for processing the shrimps after harvest. The office is used for administrative work, laboratory and storage of scientific equipment. Currently the farm requires renovation with emphasis on engineering works to revamp the place. The existing ponds are perfectly adapted for future research and development programme as well as for training. Renovations planned for include the concrete gate structure, firming of dykes, and pond desilting.
Picture of offices and sorting shed at Ngomeni farm
Picture showing location of the main gate and the backwater canal where sea water is channeled into the ponds via the main gate.